世界科技研究与发展 ›› 2022, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (3): 299-313.doi: 10.16507/j.issn.1006-6055.2022.05.008

• 科研仪器与设施专题刊 • 上一篇    下一篇

日本先进科学仪器研发项目管理经验及启示

徐玉霞1 李桃1 黄怡淳1 文晓芸2 裘钢1 刘漪1 王春明1 黄丹3 祝林1   

  1. 1.广东省科技图书馆(广东省科学院信息研究所),广州510070;2.广东省科学技术厅,广州510000;3.广东省科学院,广州510070
  • 出版日期:2022-06-25 发布日期:2022-07-04
  • 基金资助:
    广东省科学院院属骨干科研机构创新能力建设专项“广东科技信息资源与技术情报服务平台建设”(2018GDASCX-0118),广东省科技计划“科技创新全链条的体制机制研究”(2021B1010010004),广东省科学院打造综合产业技术创新中心行动专项“支撑产业技术创新的知识产权全生命周期研究与应用”(2022GDASZH-2022030602)

Experience and Enlightenment R&D Project Management for Advanced Scientific Instrumentin Japan

XU Yuxia1   LI Tao1   HUANG Yichun1   WEN Xiaoyun2   QIU Gang1   LIU Yi1   WANG Chunming1   HUANG Dan3   ZHU Lin1   

  1. 1. Guangdong Science and Technology Library (Institute of Information, Guangdong Academy of Sciences), Guangzhou 510070, China; 2. Department of Science and Technology of Guangdong Province, Guangzhou 51000, China; 3. Guangdong Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510070, China
  • Online:2022-06-25 Published:2022-07-04

摘要: 日本政府以“科技创造立国”为出发点,其实施的“先进测量分析技术与仪器开发计划”为其摆脱对国外先进科学仪器的依赖奠定了坚实的研发基础。本文利用案例分析法、文献计量法、社交网络分析法等方法对该计划的出台背景、管理架构、领域分布、经费投入和实施成效等方面进行了深入分析,同时对比日本该计划与我国国家自然科学基金的管理流程。结果表明,我国科研项目在顶层策划和部门间科研项目的贯通上与日本有较大差距。此外,我国设立的项目平均经费额度较高且数量较少,在产学研结合和科研成果商业化上的力度较弱。结合我国国情研究,提出强化科学仪器领域项目顶层设计、增强经费投入、推动关键核心技术的研发、优化项目评价体系、促进产学研合作和科技成果转化落地等建议,助力我国先进科学仪器领域的高质量发展。

关键词:

Abstract:

Taking “science and technology to create a country” as the starting point, and to get rid of its dependence on foreign advanced scientific instruments, the Japanese government has formulated the Development of Advanced Measurement and Analysis Systems, laying a solid research and development foundation for Japanese science and technology. Taking the plan as the research object, this paper makes an in-depth analysis on its introduction background, management structure, field distribution, fund investment and implementation effect using case analysis method, bibliometric method and social network analysis method. By comparing the management process of the natural science foundation of China, it is found that China's national-level scientific research project planning and inter-departmental scientific research projects are far behind those of Japan., as well as the efforts in the combination of production, education and research and the commercialization of scientific research results. Combined with the national conditions in China, suggestions are put forward, including to strengthen the top-level design of scientific instruments, increase funding, promote the research and development of key core technologies, optimize the project evaluation system, promote industry-university-research cooperation, and the transformation of scientific and technological achievements to promote the high-quality development of advanced scientific instruments in China.

Key words: Japan, Advanced Measurement and Analysis, Scientific Instruments, Project Management