世界科技研究与发展 ›› 2022, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (3): 314-321.doi: 10.16507/j.issn.1006-6055.2022.04.002

• 科研仪器与设施专题刊 • 上一篇    下一篇

我国科研仪器进口依赖的原因分析与对策建议

韩凤芹 陈亚平   

  1. 中国财政科学研究院,北京100142
  • 出版日期:2022-06-25 发布日期:2022-07-04

Analysis and Countermeasures of Import Dependence of Scientific Instruments of China

HAN Fengqin   CHEN Yaping   

  1. Chinese Academy of Fiscal Sciences, Beijing 100142, China
  • Online:2022-06-25 Published:2022-07-04

摘要:

科研仪器是科研所必需的物质资源,是实现科技自立自强的先行基础和必要前提。我国每年花费大量经费购买国外科学仪器设备,先进精密仪器几乎都是进口。本文探讨了科研仪器进口依赖对科研事业的影响,从环境视角分析了我国科研仪器进口依赖的主要原因,并基于此提出了相应的对策建议。研究发现,当前我国科研仪器存在一定的进口依赖,其原因主要在于国产化环境的缺失,主要包括人才环境、政策环境、市场环境和文化环境四个方面。对此,应加快布局科研仪器研制人才战略,构建鼓励科研仪器自主研制的基础制度体系,搭建全国科研仪器供需对接平台,着力营造科研仪器“研制用”国产化文化环境。

关键词: 科研仪器进口依赖, 风险, 环境缺失

Abstract:

Scientific research instruments are the material resources necessary for scientific research, and the primary basis and necessary prerequisite for the realization of scientific and technological self-reliance and self-improvement. China has been pouring heavy investment annually to purchase foreign scientific instruments and equipment, and almost all advanced precision instruments are imported. This paper discusses the influence of the import dependence of scientific research instruments on scientific research undertakings, analyzes the main reasons for the import dependence of scientific research instruments in China from the perspective of environment, and puts forward corresponding countermeasures and suggestions. It is found that there is a certain degree of import dependence of scientific research instruments in China, and the main reason is the lack of localization environment, including four aspects: talent environment, policy environment, market environment and cultural environment. In this regard, it is recommended that China should speed up the deployment of the talent strategy for scientific research instrument development, build a basic institutional system that encourages independent research and development of scientific research instruments, build a national supply and demand docking platform for scientific research instruments, and strive to create a cultural environment for the localization of scientific research instruments for R&D.

Key words: Dependence on the Import of Scientific Research Instruments, Risk, Lack of Environment