世界科技研究与发展 ›› 2022, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (3): 322-331.doi: 10.16507/j.issn.1006-6055.2021.08.009

• 科研仪器与设施专题刊 • 上一篇    下一篇

美国能源部重大科技基础设施风险管理研究及启示

陈娟1 李泽霞2,3 樊潇潇1 杨春霞1 李玥4 杨光普5   

  1. 1.中国科学院条件保障与财务局,北京100864;2.中国科学院文献情报中心,北京100190;3.中国科学院大学经济与管理学院图书情报与档案管理系,北京100049;4.中国科学院近代物理研究所,兰州730000;5.中国科学院云南天文台,昆明650216
  • 出版日期:2022-06-25 发布日期:2022-07-04
  • 基金资助:
    2020年中国科学院文献情报中心能力建设专项“重大科技基础设施领域战略情报研究咨询体系建设”(E0290001),NSTL国家重点研发计划专题情报服务(2020XM41)

Research and Enlightenment of Risk Management of Major Scientific & Technological Infrastructure in Department of Energy of the United States

CHEN Juan1   LI Zexia2,3   FAN xiaoxiao1   YANG Chunxia1   LI Yue4   YANG Guangpu5   

  1. 1. Bureau of Facility Support and Budget, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100864, China; 2. National Science Library, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China; 3. Department of Library, Information and Archives Management, School of Economics and Management, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China; 4. Institue of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China; 5. Yunnan Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650216, China
  • Online:2022-06-25 Published:2022-07-04

摘要: “新基建”战略为重大科技基础设施的发展带来了新机遇,然而快速的发展也会面临更多意想不到的问题,所以需要更多的组织和管理保障。风险管理作为重大科技基础设施管理的重要环节,应当进一步强化和重视。本文首先列举了一些重大科技基础设施风险事件,并对这些风险事件产生的科学、技术、经济和环境影响进行分析。随后深入研究了美国能源部重大科技基础设施的风险管理程序及其核心环节,包括风险规划、风险识别、风险分析和风险处理等所采取的具体方法和措施。最后基于我国在重大科技基础设施风险管理方面的实际情况,提出强化风险管理意识,建立符合重大科技基础设施特点的风险管理制度;针对不同类型的风险,综合研判、提前部署;加强过程管理,及时发现和调整风险和处理策略;开展设施建设管理评估,将风险管理作为重要的考量因素等建议。

关键词: 重大科技基础设施, 风险管理, 风险识别, 风险分析, 风险处理

Abstract: The “new infrastructure” has brought new opportunities for the development of major scientific & technological infrastructure. However, many unexpected situations will emerge amid rapid development. Therefore, systematic management and mechanism guarantees are urgent and necessary. As a key point of management of major scientific & technological infrastructure, risk management should be further strengthened and valued. This paper first lists some major scientific and technological risk events of research infrastructure, and analyzes the scientific, technical, economic and environmental impacts of these risk events. Then, this paper studies the risk management procedures and key processes of major scientific and technological infrastructure in the Department of Energy of the United States, including specific methods and measures adopted in risk planning, risk identification, risk analysis, and risk treatment. Based on current status of risk management of major scientific and technological infrastructure in China, several proposals are made, including establishing a risk management system that meets the characteristics of major scientific and technological infrastructure, comprehensively researching and identifying different types of risks and deploying in advance, strengthening process management, real time monitoring and adjusting risks and its dealing method, and carrying out facility construction management assessment, and regarding risk management as an important consideration.

Key words: Major Scientific &, Technological Infrastructure, Risk Management, Risk Identification, Risk Analysis, Addressing Risks